As this topic ‘Cervical Cancer‘ is a vast topic concerning women, we want to bring understanding to this topic in as simple a language as possible such that it can be easily understood by everyone,we are starting an article series.
The introductory article will give you a glimpse about how will we go about it.
-Cervical cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer in the women.
– While discussing incidence we will see the age pattern of those women who get this cancer.
-Infection with Human Papilloma Virus also known as HPV is the major risk factor.
-Other risk factors being low socioeconomic status, cigarette smoking, reproductive behaviour and sexual activity.
-In pathophysiology we will discuss how and where tumour cells originate along with it spread to local and distant areas.
-Histology reveals that most common sub-types of cervical carcinoma are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
– We will discuss these types in detail and also their prognosis comparison.- Diagnosis of cervical cancer is based on its symptoms, physical examination of patient, Pap’s smear, colposcopy and cervical biopsy.
-We will have a detailed discussion on each modality.
– Staging of Cancer helps in deciding the treatment options and prognosis. For cervical cancer staging is done clinically. In easy language we will explain the staging of cancer for everyone’s understanding.
-During evaluation of cervical cancer many tests are needed. They include -Testing of blood for various parameters
– Radiologic investigations include chest X-ray, IVP, CT Scan MRI and PET scan
-Certain procedures like cystoscopy and proctoscopy may also be needed. We will have discussion on them too.
-We will have discussion on lymph node dissection and prognostic factors.- Procedures required for treatment of cervical cancer depend upon its clinical staging. it includes
– Cervical conization
-Simple or radical hysterectomy
-We will discuss surveillance of patient following surgery for radiotherapy.
– We will also discuss management of cervical cancer during pregnancy.
-So, friends you do get an idea of what all things we will cover under this topic ‘Cervical Cancer’
In next update of article of this series we will take one of the above listed topics and bring more clarity on that-Keep a watch on this article itself as a dated update will arrive soon